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- There are now 992 computers in the museum -

Olivetti introduced a mainframe about 1960 which was called ELEA, then in 1965 the Programma 101 - which was probably the world's first real desktop computer. Then a little later they introduced the Audiotronic range of "office computers". The first was the A770, which was replaced by the A7. The A5 was the desktop version. The Olivetti Audit 5 or A5 was largely an electro mechanical computer. It printed via a golf ball typewritter mechanism at the astonishing speed of 16 character per second...
The TA 1600 system was introduced in 1983 at the CeBIT (which was only a part of the "Hannover-Messe" by that time). TA showed a few sample applications and the 1600 family in general. Triumph Adler's hardware included also the 1600/20-3 which was supplied with a permanent-swap-HDD-unit. This unit had a memory/storage capacity of 2 x 8 MB (Winchester technology). Triumph Adler said the system (the 1600) will fit the demand of medium-sized businesses, due to the facts that these companies w...
MIDWICH Microcontroller
Called the Midwich Microcontroller, this British computer was developped to provide a small desktop micro capable of running other equipment throug a variety of interface cards. In 1979 an Italian IC manufacturer designed and began to sell a single board micro system that could be expanded to a full system with a VDU, discs, etc. Called the Nanocomputer, it was manufactured by SGS Ates and one of the distributors in the UK was Midwich. The Nano was somewhat expensive and suffered from a numbe...
RADIONIC Model R1001
This is an extremly rare TRS-80 Model 1 clone, based on an other clone: The Komtek 1 (from Germany). It's equiped with a Level II basic and powered by a Zilog Z80 cpu. _________ Contributors : Incog...
BASF 7100
The BASF 7000 systems are professional computers from Germany. They seem to be based on the Microterm II Intelligent Terminal by Digi-Log Systems, Inc. There were several models in the 7000 serie....
PCC 2000 is a professional computer released in 1978. It was designed in 1978 by Pertec, the company which merged with MITS by the end of 1976. The PCC is conceived as a monobloc machine, where the display and two 8" floppy disk drives are built-in the main case. The mechanical keyboard offers separated numeric and editing keypads. The system is powered by an Intel 8085 microprocessor and offers 64 KB RAM. The whole thing was apparently delivered with an extended Basic language, which has...
TAP 34 is a self design of Terta company from Hungary. Primarily it was designed as a terminal for big computer systems but it was also able to process data alone. The main integrated circuits were assembled in the USSR and in Hungary by Tungsram, but several parts were imported from other countries. The built-in monitor was a DME-28 monochrome CRT made by Orion. This company was famous for its televisions in Hungary and the other KGST countries. The floppy drive attached to the compute...
Based on the MCM 70 / 700 (see this entry for more info), the MCM 800 followed in 1976. It was faster, included 16 KB RAM (instead of 8 KB for the 700), and included the ability to drive an external monitor. Among other things, MCM 800s were used in one of the first french industrial network called Gixinet (along with ARCnet). This was a token-bus type network developped by the Gixi company....
The Imlac PDS-1 is a graphical minicomputer made by Imlac Corporation (founded in 1968) of Needham, Massachusetts. The PDS-1 debuted in 1970 and is considered to be the predecessor of all later graphical minicomputers and modern computer workstations. The PDS-1 had a built-in display list processor and 4096 16-bit words of core RAM. The PDS-1 used a vector display processor for displaying vector graphics as opposed to the raster graphics of modern computer displays. The PDS-1 was often used with...
COMMODORE  C64 Golden Jubilee
Between 1984 (in the U.S.) and 1986 (in Germany), Commodore International celebrated the 1,000,000 machines sold mark in these respective countries by issuing special "Gold" editions of the Commodore C64. These machines were regular C64 models, except they were Golden-colored and fixed on a commemorative plate. The following information comes from Death Adder : Until December 1986, 1,000,000 Commodore 64s were sold in Germany. On this occasion, Commodore Buromaschinen GmbH (...

Little is known about this obscure professional computer. The Athena used a true multi-tasking OS that enabled single keystroke application switching. It also incorporated intelligent distributed multiprocessing into perpherial interfaces. The machine and OS were developed by an MIT graduate and conceived by Solid State Technology from Boston. The Athena is based on a 8085 Intel chipset. Sold with a monochrome monitor and 5.25'' disk drives (320 KB each), it has also a printer (150 charact...
The JVC-95 conformed to the maximum graphics specification of the MSX-2 standard. However, like the Pioneer PX-7 it also carried a sophisticated hardware interface that handled video superimposition and various interactive video processing features. In fact, the case housed two separate electronic cards. One was purely MSX, the second was dedicated to additional video functions. Several programs were bundled with the system, th...
SHARP  PC-1403 (H)
As the PC-1401 family was rather successful, Sharp released an update three years later. The two new models were named PC-1403 and PC-1403H. The differences were not large, but very helpful. They had a better display, with 24 instead of 16 characters on the same display area, and lowercase letters could now be used. Thus, there was an additional SML key to switch between uppercase and lowercase entry mode. Moreover, matrix calculatio...
At the time when the Amstrad GX 4000 game console and the CPC+ computers were launched, Amstrad had designed this metallic box to be used by dealers as a demonstration model. It was mainly used in the UK by Dixons chain dealers. Of course, very few models were produced. When opening the front side of the sturdy aluminium case, one finds a metal plate covering the main board, actually a CPC 464+ motherboard, and a daughterb...
SCIENCE FAIR Microcomputer Trainer
Peter Crunden-White, the proud owner of this Microcomputer Trainer, sent us some photos along with the following note: In about 1986, I purchased a Science Fair Microcomputer Trainer (MCT) from my local branch of Tandy (in Cheshire, UK). The machine was sold by Tandy shops, it was one of their 'wire-it-yourself' project kits and ran on 6 penlight batteries. I recall that my older brother wired it up for me, but we never really had much success with it, although we en...
ATARI  600 / 800 XL
The Atari 800XL, together with the 600XL, were successors of the Atari 400/800 series and the unsuccessful Atari 1200 XL in a more compact case. They could use almost the same software, just so long as the program was written correctly, because of some slight differences between OS versions. The 800XL had 64 KB of RAM, two joystick ports and kept all the custom chips (Pokey, GTIA, Antic) of the previous models. It also featured...
IBM  PC XT 286
The IBM PC XT 286 is an intermediate computer between the IBM PC XT and the IBM PC AT. It had a very short career because most of its features can be found in the PC AT. Contrary to the PC XT, it has a saved clock and a calendar. James G. Davis reports: Only a few were made-maybe 20,000. Someone with IBM told me that they stopped making them when they had used up all the XT boxes, since the n...
The computer has an integrated monitor and separated keyboard. It was used as main business computer in Slovenia and also in schools, standing next to Commodore C64 and Sinclair ZX Spectrum series; and normally equipped with Turbo Pascal 3.x and Wordstar. Iskra Delta was one of the biggest producers of computer systems in former Yugoslavia. Their systems could be found in almost all large companies in Yugoslavia where they were ...
The Gemini Galaxy range of computers were of "all British" origin, being manufactured by Gemini Microcomputers Ltd., Amersham, Bucks. Also called the 'Multiboard Microsystem', the Galaxy systems were built around the 80-BUS, specifically designed for the Z80 microprocessor. They had two Z80A processors, one acting as the CPU and the other running the 'programmable' video card (Called the IVC). The video card memory was composed of: 2 KB Monitor ROM (SIMON), 2KB User workspace RAM (it was ...
In the early 90s the DEC 4000 model 710 AXP was a member of the DEC 4000 AXP family aka "cobra" (including the model 610, 620, 710, 720) which was based on the Digital's Alpha AXP architecture and the IEEE's Futurebus+ profile B standard. This family was the output of an initiation in Digital to built the industry's most cost-effective and highest-performance departmental server computing system. To achive this goal Digital changed over from VAX CISC to Alpha AXP RISC architecture, and...

Advert #1

J100 - J500

Japanese advert

National JR 100

Ohio brochure


UK advert, Oct. 1983


U.S. advert (1979)



Nimbus PC

U.S. ad #1 (1982)


French ad (1985)

PASOPIA 16 / T300 / PAP

1st. U.S. advert #1

QX 10

French advert


french advert (febru...


UK advert

MTX 500 /512

First U.S. advert (1...


Stupid situation

ZX 80

Jacquard systems

J100 - J500

1978 brochure #8


Japanese leaflet

MZ 80C

Advert (june 1982)

Goupil 2

UK advert, Oct 1983

TI 99 / 4A

Italian ad.


English leaflet

Archimedes A5000

french advert (jan. ...

PC-1210 / 1211 / 1212

NorthStar cards


Sol Price List

SOL - 10 / 20


Martin Ward
Change the dollar sign to a hash sign in the URL''s below

Martin Ward
If you have old software on cassette tape, which no longer loads, I have written a program which analyses the tape (saved as a wav file) and extracts the data:$CUTS

My collection of Compukit UK101 software can be downloaded from here:$UK101

Gary Cartwright
I was hired by IBM in 1958 to help install and maintain the ANFSQ-7 at DC-13 at KI Sawyer AFB outside of Marquette Mich. By that time the SAGE (Semi-Automatic Ground Environment) systems were being installed in 3 story buildings. The computer was amazing compared to what we have today. What we call RAM today was a 64K core memory unit (that was the "Big Memory Retrofit - the original was 4K)

I was part of the maintenance team until the USAF Operation Bluesuit, which turned over maintenance to Air Force personnel. I stayed on as Contract Technical Services until the site was closed in 1963. It was the basis for my continued career in IBM in "commercial" field service, eventually programing support, engineering and finally product pricing before I retired. Since then I have built PC''s as a hobby. SAGE was the great beginning of that career.

A piece of computer history. Sometimes I ask myself where we would be without it.

I must say, back in the day I hated the C64. I "grew up" on CBM30XX machines and owned a VIC-20. It was the arrogance of the C64 users toward the VIC which made me not want a C64 and in fact it wasn''t until sometime in the early 90s that I bought one of them (C64G) and only because it was dirt cheap. This one has been passed on to my brother a long time ago but I have since purchased an original C64 (the brown breadbox) and two C64C in a bundle for the horrendous sum of $1. One of the "C"s works the other two have faulty graphics. The screen just shows garbled rubbish on one and stays black on the other. Eventually they will be wall mounted in my study, (together with a VIC-20, a C16 and a TI99/4A). Now I am chasing a "Aldi C64", another C64G and if at all possible, a SX-64 to complete the collection.

SHARP  PC-1260 PC-1261 PC-1262
For those stuck in Japanese, one should theoretically be able to just press the reset button on the back and it will be reset to whatever language your localized machine should be. You can change your system between Latin and Japanese characters easily with this program (provided by Pierre of the pocket computer museum forum at

10 " " POKE 12349,10+NOT PEEK 12349: END

The problem is, if you actually have a Japanese one, you will not be able to write it because it types in Japanese. You should be able to shift into Latin characters by pressing Shift than SML, in theory.

This program will run whenever you press DEF and the space key. Make sure you are in PROG mode when you write it and in RUN mode when you want to run it. You can also put it on line 65279 so that you can write other more useful programs without erasing this part.

the 1512...
my very first PC
I learned everything about computer with it
really really cheap for that time
the best, and was british!

John Parkinson
YAMAHA  CX5M Music Computer
CX5M - free to good home!
I have a Yamaha CX5M music computer together with YK-01 (piano) keyboard and NP55140 power supply.
As far as I know these worked when I last used them (20 years ago). I have no way of testing them now as the monitor out is a phono out socket and I don''t have a means of hooking this up to a modern monitor.

If anyone is interested in chancing the price of postage / or just collecting it (near Manchester, UK) - $ me a message on here.

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