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- There are now 992 computers in the museum -




   LATEST ADDITIONS
OLIVETTI  A5
Olivetti introduced a mainframe about 1960 which was called ELEA, then in 1965 the Programma 101 - which was probably the world's first real desktop computer. Then a little later they introduced the Audiotronic range of "office computers". The first was the A770, which was replaced by the A7. The A5 was the desktop version. The Olivetti Audit 5 or A5 was largely an electro mechanical computer. It printed via a golf ball typewritter mechanism at the astonishing speed of 16 character per second...
TRIUMPH ADLER  TA-1600
The TA 1600 system was introduced in 1983 at the CeBIT (which was only a part of the "Hannover-Messe" by that time). TA showed a few sample applications and the 1600 family in general. Triumph Adler's hardware included also the 1600/20-3 which was supplied with a permanent-swap-HDD-unit. This unit had a memory/storage capacity of 2 x 8 MB (Winchester technology). Triumph Adler said the system (the 1600) will fit the demand of medium-sized businesses, due to the facts that these companies w...
MIDWICH Microcontroller
Called the Midwich Microcontroller, this British computer was developped to provide a small desktop micro capable of running other equipment throug a variety of interface cards. In 1979 an Italian IC manufacturer designed and began to sell a single board micro system that could be expanded to a full system with a VDU, discs, etc. Called the Nanocomputer, it was manufactured by SGS Ates and one of the distributors in the UK was Midwich. The Nano was somewhat expensive and suffered from a numbe...
RADIONIC Model R1001
This is an extremly rare TRS-80 Model 1 clone, based on an other clone: The Komtek 1 (from Germany). It's equiped with a Level II basic and powered by a Zilog Z80 cpu. _________ Contributors : Incog...
BASF 7100
The BASF 7000 systems are professional computers from Germany. They seem to be based on the Microterm II Intelligent Terminal by Digi-Log Systems, Inc. There were several models in the 7000 serie....
PERTEC PCC 2000
PCC 2000 is a professional computer released in 1978. It was designed in 1978 by Pertec, the company which merged with MITS by the end of 1976. The PCC is conceived as a monobloc machine, where the display and two 8" floppy disk drives are built-in the main case. The mechanical keyboard offers separated numeric and editing keypads. The system is powered by an Intel 8085 microprocessor and offers 64 KB RAM. The whole thing was apparently delivered with an extended Basic language, which has...
TERTA TAP-34
TAP 34 is a self design of Terta company from Hungary. Primarily it was designed as a terminal for big computer systems but it was also able to process data alone. The main integrated circuits were assembled in the USSR and in Hungary by Tungsram, but several parts were imported from other countries. The built-in monitor was a DME-28 monochrome CRT made by Orion. This company was famous for its televisions in Hungary and the other KGST countries. The floppy drive attached to the compute...
MCM COMPUTERS  MCM 800
Based on the MCM 70 / 700 (see this entry for more info), the MCM 800 followed in 1976. It was faster, included 16 KB RAM (instead of 8 KB for the 700), and included the ability to drive an external monitor. Among other things, MCM 800s were used in one of the first french industrial network called Gixinet (along with ARCnet). This was a token-bus type network developped by the Gixi company....
IMLAC PDS-1
The Imlac PDS-1 is a graphical minicomputer made by Imlac Corporation (founded in 1968) of Needham, Massachusetts. The PDS-1 debuted in 1970 and is considered to be the predecessor of all later graphical minicomputers and modern computer workstations. The PDS-1 had a built-in display list processor and 4096 16-bit words of core RAM. The PDS-1 used a vector display processor for displaying vector graphics as opposed to the raster graphics of modern computer displays. The PDS-1 was often used with...
COMMODORE  C64 Golden Jubilee
Between 1984 (in the U.S.) and 1986 (in Germany), Commodore International celebrated the 1,000,000 machines sold mark in these respective countries by issuing special "Gold" editions of the Commodore C64. These machines were regular C64 models, except they were Golden-colored and fixed on a commemorative plate. The following information comes from Death Adder : Until December 1986, 1,000,000 Commodore 64s were sold in Germany. On this occasion, Commodore Buromaschinen GmbH (...

   RANDOM SYSTEMS
IBM  PS/2 Model 25
IBM was struggling in 1986 against Apple's Macintosh series, so IBM set out to create something that would defeat the Macintosh. IBM came up with a all-in-one similar to the Macintosh. However, the Model 25 & 30 were the low-end (budget) models of the PS/2 range. The PS/2 Model 25 became quite popular with businesses, but never made it strong with the home market. The PS/2 Model 25 & 30 were the only system using the MCGA (Multicolor Graphics Adapter) standard. They came with this video fe...
COMPAQ Portable
Announced November 1982, the unit was actually shipped in January of 1983 (300 of them). This was arguably the system that destroyed IBM's monopoly on the PC market and created the situation we see today. It WAS the first compatible system that was LEGALLY made, though Columbia first copied the IBM BIOS and later paid the fatal price. The system's BIOS was developed from scratch by using a team of 18 persons (only one guy was "dirty" and he was not allowed to do any part of the code and coul...
POLYMORPHIC  System 8813
The Polymorphic System 8813 was the larger brother of the Poly 88. William Davis reports : This unit could connected to an add-on unit (MS 88) that consisted of two 8" Shugart DSDD disk drives. Near the end Polymorphic System also featured a 10 MB hard disk and a unit called the "Twin Systems" which allowed two simultaneous users on a shared bus. I had all the above, buying the first of three 8813 in 1978 and continuing to use ...
SORD  M203 Mark II
This computer was designed for industrial or engineering applications thanks to its analog to digital/digital to analog converters and to its numeric I/O ports. It has a built-in numeric processor called APU. It is possible to connect up to 4 hard disks (each drive is connected on a special DMA channel designed for the hard disks)....
NEXT COMPUTERS  NeXT Station
The NeXTstation was a light version of the NeXTcube. The magnetic-optical drive has been replaced by a hard-disk, as NeXTcube users found this drive too slow compared to "modern" hard-disks available then. The thin design of the case didn't make it possible to keep the NeXTbus slots. There were several models, including a NeXTstation (25 Mhz), a ColorStation with color display (4096 colors, 25 Mhz) and a ColorStation Turbo (33 Mhz).
KEMITRON Naja
This is a brasilian Tandy TRS-80 Model III compatible system. It didn't sell well as the CP-500 was a too popular TRS-80 compatible system in Brazil. In 1985, a new model named Naja 800 was marketed. It had a 14 Kb EPROM, 128 Kb RAM, built-in monitor, 70 keys keyboard with numeric keypad and a hard-disk. Sources : Computadores Brasileiros
AMSTRAD  PenPad
The year 1993 saw Amstrad release a handheld computer capable of handwriting recognition just weeks ahead of Apple's much-hyped Newton. However, Amstrad's approach with the PDA600 was very much more primitive with users only able to input one letter at a time in a box at the bottom of the screen. The device was based on a Z80 compatible Zilog Z8S180 microprocessor running at 14.3MHz and memory was expandable from 128KB up to 2MB with PCMCIA cards. Batteries life was 40 hours, from thr...
HITACHI  MB-6891 / Basic Master Level 3 Mark 2
An upgraded version of the Basic Master Level 3, with built-in chinese character ROM board....
SONY  Hit-Bit F500
Another member of the MSX 2 family. This computer was intended to be a "semi-professional computer", with its built-in floppy disk unit, its separate keyboard and its mouse. It used a graphical interface on top of the MSX-DOS with windows and icons (and bears a striking resemblance to the first version of GEM). A nice computer, now if it wasn’t as expensive!...
EDS C64 EDC
We are looking for information about this rare machine made by the German company EDS. It seems that only 320 machines of this type have been sold, mostly in Germany. The inside was composed of a C64 mainboard, a built-in PSU and a dual 5.25" floppy disk drives. The enhanced keyboard had a numeric keypad. ...

   RANDOM ADVERTS
French advert (1979)

PROTEUS INTERNATIONAL
Proteus III

 
Advert (february 198...

SMT
Goupil 2

 
German advert (1983)

KAYPRO
Kaypro II

 
New Zeland ad. (1980...

ISC (INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS CORP)
CompuColor II

 
German ad #3

SHARP
MZ 700

 
1st. U.S. advert #1

EPSON
QX 10

 
Last sales

DRAGON DATA LTD
Dragon 64

 
UK advert

TANDY RADIO SHACK
1000 HX

 
U.S. advert (1982)

AVT ELECTRONICS
Comp 2

 
German advert

SINCLAIR
ZX 81

 
US advert March 1982

APPLE
APPLE III

 
New Zealand Review

SEMI-TECH
Pied Piper

 
US advert, July 1985

IBM
PC AT

 
First advert - Jan.1...

IBM
PC - Model 5150

 
Japanese advert (199...

SEGA
Teradrive

 
French advert #3

ORIC
ATMOS

 
6000 model

BILLINGS
BC-12

 
New Zealand ad. (198...

APPLE
APPLE II

 
German brochure #2

ATARI
MEGA ST

 
German brochure #2

ATARI
MEGA STe

 
French ad (dec. 1986...

MULTITECH
Microkit 09

 
French ad (sept. 198...

CASIO
PB-100

 
Acorn ad #1

ACORN COMPUTER
BBC Master Compact

 
German leaflet #1

SHARP
MZ-3500

 

   LATEST COMMENTS
RayWashed
8/30/2014
SANYO  MPC 100
I have a MPX-100, but mine has no light pen and no hole, it seems it''s never had it, where it should be there is a round plastic where says "64K"

jt august
8/30/2014
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS  TI 99 / 4A
The TI-99/4a was a follow up to the TI-99/4, which is missing from the museum. The machine was at its time the most powerful on the market, at 16-bits and screaming fast, but TI mandated that everything developed for it had to go through the GPL interpreter, which slowed program flow to start with. But the BASIC interpreter was written in GPL, so it was double interpreted, making it the slowest executing BASIC ever released. And TI sought to keep all software release in house, which proved to be a horrible business model, as has been seen more than once over the years.

jt august
8/30/2014
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS  TI 99 / 4A
The TI-99/4a was a follow up to the TI-99/4, which is missing from the museum. The machine was at its time the most powerful on the market, at 16-bits and screaming fast, but TI mandated that everything developed for it had to go through the GPL interpreter, which slowed program flow to start with. But the BASIC interpreter was written in GPL, so it was double interpreted, making it the slowest executing BASIC ever released. And TI sought to keep all software release in house, which proved to be a horrible business model, as has been seen more than once over the years.

Martin Ward
8/28/2014
COMPUKIT UK-101
Change the dollar sign to a hash sign in the URL''s below

Martin Ward
8/28/2014
COMPUKIT UK-101
If you have old software on cassette tape, which no longer loads, I have written a program which analyses the tape (saved as a wav file) and extracts the data:

http://www.gkc.org.uk/martin/software/$CUTS

My collection of Compukit UK101 software can be downloaded from here:

http://www.gkc.org.uk/martin/software/$UK101

Gary Cartwright
8/28/2014
IBM  AN/FSQ-7
I was hired by IBM in 1958 to help install and maintain the ANFSQ-7 at DC-13 at KI Sawyer AFB outside of Marquette Mich. By that time the SAGE (Semi-Automatic Ground Environment) systems were being installed in 3 story buildings. The computer was amazing compared to what we have today. What we call RAM today was a 64K core memory unit (that was the "Big Memory Retrofit - the original was 4K)

I was part of the maintenance team until the USAF Operation Bluesuit, which turned over maintenance to Air Force personnel. I stayed on as Contract Technical Services until the site was closed in 1963. It was the basis for my continued career in IBM in "commercial" field service, eventually programing support, engineering and finally product pricing before I retired. Since then I have built PC''s as a hobby. SAGE was the great beginning of that career.

Tom
8/27/2014
COMMODORE  C64
A piece of computer history. Sometimes I ask myself where we would be without it.

I must say, back in the day I hated the C64. I "grew up" on CBM30XX machines and owned a VIC-20. It was the arrogance of the C64 users toward the VIC which made me not want a C64 and in fact it wasn''t until sometime in the early 90s that I bought one of them (C64G) and only because it was dirt cheap. This one has been passed on to my brother a long time ago but I have since purchased an original C64 (the brown breadbox) and two C64C in a bundle for the horrendous sum of $1. One of the "C"s works the other two have faulty graphics. The screen just shows garbled rubbish on one and stays black on the other. Eventually they will be wall mounted in my study, (together with a VIC-20, a C16 and a TI99/4A). Now I am chasing a "Aldi C64", another C64G and if at all possible, a SX-64 to complete the collection.



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