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- There are now 992 computers in the museum -




   LATEST ADDITIONS
OLIVETTI  A5
Olivetti introduced a mainframe about 1960 which was called ELEA, then in 1965 the Programma 101 - which was probably the world's first real desktop computer. Then a little later they introduced the Audiotronic range of "office computers". The first was the A770, which was replaced by the A7. The A5 was the desktop version. The Olivetti Audit 5 or A5 was largely an electro mechanical computer. It printed via a golf ball typewritter mechanism at the astonishing speed of 16 character per second...
TRIUMPH ADLER  TA-1600
The TA 1600 system was introduced in 1983 at the CeBIT (which was only a part of the "Hannover-Messe" by that time). TA showed a few sample applications and the 1600 family in general. Triumph Adler's hardware included also the 1600/20-3 which was supplied with a permanent-swap-HDD-unit. This unit had a memory/storage capacity of 2 x 8 MB (Winchester technology). Triumph Adler said the system (the 1600) will fit the demand of medium-sized businesses, due to the facts that these companies w...
MIDWICH Microcontroller
Called the Midwich Microcontroller, this British computer was developped to provide a small desktop micro capable of running other equipment throug a variety of interface cards. In 1979 an Italian IC manufacturer designed and began to sell a single board micro system that could be expanded to a full system with a VDU, discs, etc. Called the Nanocomputer, it was manufactured by SGS Ates and one of the distributors in the UK was Midwich. The Nano was somewhat expensive and suffered from a numbe...
RADIONIC Model R1001
This is an extremly rare TRS-80 Model 1 clone, based on an other clone: The Komtek 1 (from Germany). It's equiped with a Level II basic and powered by a Zilog Z80 cpu. _________ Contributors : Incog...
BASF 7100
The BASF 7000 systems are professional computers from Germany. They seem to be based on the Microterm II Intelligent Terminal by Digi-Log Systems, Inc. There were several models in the 7000 serie....
PERTEC PCC 2000
PCC 2000 is a professional computer released in 1978. It was designed in 1978 by Pertec, the company which merged with MITS by the end of 1976. The PCC is conceived as a monobloc machine, where the display and two 8" floppy disk drives are built-in the main case. The mechanical keyboard offers separated numeric and editing keypads. The system is powered by an Intel 8085 microprocessor and offers 64 KB RAM. The whole thing was apparently delivered with an extended Basic language, which has...
TERTA TAP-34
TAP 34 is a self design of Terta company from Hungary. Primarily it was designed as a terminal for big computer systems but it was also able to process data alone. The main integrated circuits were assembled in the USSR and in Hungary by Tungsram, but several parts were imported from other countries. The built-in monitor was a DME-28 monochrome CRT made by Orion. This company was famous for its televisions in Hungary and the other KGST countries. The floppy drive attached to the compute...
MCM COMPUTERS  MCM 800
Based on the MCM 70 / 700 (see this entry for more info), the MCM 800 followed in 1976. It was faster, included 16 KB RAM (instead of 8 KB for the 700), and included the ability to drive an external monitor. Among other things, MCM 800s were used in one of the first french industrial network called Gixinet (along with ARCnet). This was a token-bus type network developped by the Gixi company....
IMLAC PDS-1
The Imlac PDS-1 is a graphical minicomputer made by Imlac Corporation (founded in 1968) of Needham, Massachusetts. The PDS-1 debuted in 1970 and is considered to be the predecessor of all later graphical minicomputers and modern computer workstations. The PDS-1 had a built-in display list processor and 4096 16-bit words of core RAM. The PDS-1 used a vector display processor for displaying vector graphics as opposed to the raster graphics of modern computer displays. The PDS-1 was often used with...
COMMODORE  C64 Golden Jubilee
Between 1984 (in the U.S.) and 1986 (in Germany), Commodore International celebrated the 1,000,000 machines sold mark in these respective countries by issuing special "Gold" editions of the Commodore C64. These machines were regular C64 models, except they were Golden-colored and fixed on a commemorative plate. The following information comes from Death Adder : Until December 1986, 1,000,000 Commodore 64s were sold in Germany. On this occasion, Commodore Buromaschinen GmbH (...

   RANDOM SYSTEMS
MICRODIGITAL TK-82
The TK-82, of Microdigital Eletr˘nica Ltda, was one of the first Brazilian home computer anyone could afford. It was a fairly close copy of the Sinclair ZX-80 albeit looking very similar to a Timex TS-1000, the US version of the ZX-81 which was also sold in Brazil. It was the second computer made by Microdigital, after the TK-80, first attempt to produce a ZX-80 copy. The company ...
PANASONIC FS A1 ST
Due to lack of interest in marketing of MSX-machines and growing interest in game consoles and powerful PC alike computers (for word processing purposes mainly), companies were not so enthusiastic about creating a new MSX-machine. The biggest software supporters of MSX deserted to Nintendo and other computers/game machines. Sony chose to make their own game console as well ASCII in cooperation with Yamaha and Panasonic created the 3DO (Three Dimensional Objects) game console. This system is ...
FRANKLIN  ACE 500
The Franklin ACE 500 was a 100% Apple IIe and Apple IIc compatible computer with a built-in 5.25" disk drive and 256 KB of RAM. It looked pretty much like a black //c, featured all of the standard Apple ports and a better keyboard with a numeric keypad. It was also very similar to the Laser 128 in design and features. The ACE 500 was the last Apple II compatible Franklin manufactured. Its capabilities and abilities were identical to the Ace 2000 series. The...
DIGITAL EQUIPMENT CORPORATION DECMATE II
The DECMATE II shared the same case, power supply unit and RX50 dual floppy drive as the Rainbow 100 and was sold as a desktop or tower stand system. Like DECMATE I and III, it was a member of the PDP-8 family based on the Harris 12-bit 6120, a single chip PDP-8 compatible microprocessor. The same year, DEC launched the Rainbow 100, a Z80/8088 based system to compete with CP/M and MS-DOS machines, as well as the PDP-11 Profess...
CONVERGENT TECHNOLOGIES Workslate
Convergent Technologies of Santa Clara, California introduced the Worslate the same time as the Tandy Model 100. Although it was about the same size of the Model 100, the Workslate was primarily a spreadsheet machine. No other software could be loaded except some application which was adaptations of the basic spreadsheet program. The Workslate used a CMOS version of the old 6800 processor and 16B KB of RAM. RAM size couldn't be extended and allowed a limited 7...
AMSTRAD  PC 1640
The Amstrad PC 1640 was the successor to the Amstrad PC 1512. It had the same characteristics as its predecessor except for added memory (640 KB instead of 512 KB) and the EGA graphics standard. It also had great success, but to a lesser extent than the PC 1512. As the PC 1512, the Amstrad PC 1640 came with the GEM graphical user interface, from Digital Research, an alternative to Windows. The PC-1640 was marketed under the name PC-6400 in the USA. It was a...
SHARP  MZ 40K
MZ-40K was an ancestor of the Sharp MZ computers series. It was a single-board microcomputer in a plastic covered box. Sharp called it "Dr. Microcomputer (MAIKON HAKASE)". It was designed as a consumer electrical appliance and sold as a toy or a training tool for the first microcomputers fans. The MZ-40K had a built-in speaker and could play music automatically or become an organ, using the monitor keys. Software was included into the 4-bit CPU ROM and users could run several basic applicatio...
TANDY RADIO SHACK  Color Computer 2
The Color Computer 2 (coco2) replaced the Color Computer "Model 1" in 1983. It has the same characteristics than the Model 1 but has a better keyboard and a more integrated circuitry. There were several models of the Coco2, some with only 8k ROM (Color Basic) called Standard Color Computer 2, and others with 16k ROM (Extended Color Basic) called the Extended Color Computer 2. Some later models differ also in RAM capacity (16k, 32k or 64k). It was replaced wi...
TOSHIBA  HX-20 / HX-21 / Pasopia IQ
This is a classic MSX 1 computer, quite similar to the HX-10, except that the shape is different and there are two cartridge slots. Its special feature seems to be a primitive word processor software built-in ROM. You need a separate Kanji ROM cartridge for it to work. Does someone know the other differences? In its native country (Japan), the HX-20 was also named Pasopia IQ to fit in the Pasopia family developped b...
THOMSON  MICROMEGA 32
The Micromega was built by Thomson (in France) and System Fortune Corp in Great Britain (see this entry for more info). Two other floppy drives can be connected and four hard disks (5, 10, or 20 MB). It can be used on a network with several users: 3 computers can be linked by one rs232 port. It ran under UNIX and an optional Z80 card was available, so it also could run under CP/M. _________ Grosminet (France) recalls: I ...

   RANDOM ADVERTS
In schools #1

BULL
MICRAL 80/22

 
Scary...

THOMSON
TO 7

 
First advert - Feb.1...

IBM
PC - Model 5150

 
French ad (sept. 198...

CASIO
PB-100

 
U.K. advert (1983)

KAYPRO
Kaypro II

 
U.S. ad. (1983)

COMPUPRO
System 816

 
UK advert

COMMODORE
Amiga 500

 
Spanish advert

SONY
Hit-Bit 101

 
An advertising for t...

HITACHI
MB-6885 / Basic Master Jr

 
UK advert, Oct 1983

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS
TI 99 / 4A

 
First ad (1983)

SEMI-TECH
Pied Piper

 
Flyer

PEL VARAZDIN
Orao

 
German advert (1983)

KAYPRO
Kaypro II

 
Advert

ATARI
800

 
Promotional pict. #2

APF
Imagination Machine

 
COMPUSTAR ad #2

INTERTEC
SUPERBRAIN

 
U.S. advert (1977)

NORTHSTAR
Horizon

 
First advert - Nov.1...

IBM
PC - Model 5150

 
Advert (february 198...

SMT
Goupil 2

 
Italian ad.

SINCLAIR
ZX SPECTRUM

 
1977 advert

IASIS
ia-7301

 
UK advert

TATUNG
EINSTEIN TC-01

 
Italian ad

COMMODORE
CBM 500 / 600 Series

 
U.S. advert #2

EPSON
HC / HX-20

 

   LATEST COMMENTS
Owen Mooney
11/29/2015
EPSON  HC / HX-20
Finding this brings back memories! In 1984 I was designing a simulator for the ionosphere using a (then) high performance DSP processor. We were about to embark on the build of a user interface (using a custom microprocessor deign) when this came along. It did the UI brilliantly!, as well as computing some complex equations. I''m proud to say this must be one of the earliest SOA architectures around

Michael Otway
11/29/2015
APPLIED TECHNOLOGIES  Microbee 128
Being equipped with a Z80 CPU, these "128K" units could only access 64KB for programs and data. The other 64KB was set aside as a RAM drive. The RAM drive wasn''t all that useful though, because (unlike their 32 and 64K models) they used DRAM not SRAM, so the RAM drive data was gone once the computer was switched off.

Glen Crandall
11/28/2015
IBM  AN/FSQ-7
"There were usually several hundred tube failures each day, replaced by workers racing up and down the tube racks with shopping carts full of replacements."

This statement is incorrect. Because of the automated testing conducted on a daily schedule actual failures were extremely rare.

The only time large numbers of tubes were replaced occurred happened after about four years of operation. At this time predicted failure rates of vacuum tubes rose to the point where all tubes were replaced. Usually about 100 to 200 tubes were replaced at a time during this phase.

I joined IBM in September 1957 and went to Kingston, NY for a 6 month training period. My permanent duty assignment was the DC at Gunter AFB, Montgomery, AL. I was there from April 1958 to November 1961.

In November 1961 I transferred to the software development site in Santa Monica, CA. I was there until about June 1966.

Stan Brown
11/27/2015
BRITISH MICRO Mimi 802 / 803 / 804
I''ve actually got one but no discs, manuals or other bits. As far as I am aware the last time I connected it to a monitor it was working, about 3 years ago.

Noel Griffin
11/23/2015
AM INTERNATIONAL JACQUARD SYSTEMS J100 - J500
I developed My-Plan the 3D spreadsheet that ran on J100 and J500. Ah System II - happy memories, but not fond of DD01 error 8''s :) TypeRite was superb

Fernando Bautista
11/20/2015
ATARI  PC
Perdón por no escribir en ingles pero yo poseo una computadora así mejor dicho solo cpu falta la pantalla, teclado y el ratón actualmente está acumulado polvo así que me interesaría venderla alguien sabe o me podría dar un precio aproximado de ¿cuanto podría valer?

Fernando Bautista
11/20/2015
ATARI  PC
Perdón por no escribir en ingles pero yo poseo una computadora así mejor dicho solo cpu falta la pantalla, teclado y el ratón actualmente está acumulado polvo así que me interesaría venderla alguien sabe o me podría dar un precio aproximado de ¿cuanto podría valer?

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